موجز عن البحث:
There is increasing consensus among public
health researchers that over-eating, smoking, sedentary lives and excessive
alcohol drinking are currently the four big killers in Western countries.
These behavioural risk factors are, in fact, known causes of a number of
chronic health conditions, namely ischaemic heart disease, stroke, some types
of cancer and type 2 diabetes, which, in turn, are primary drivers of
premature death and healthcare spending. Although a variety of approaches to
weight management are in place, their impact has yet to be fully evaluated as
the incidence of obesity continues to rise in an uncontrollable manner.
Accordingly, economists contend that paternalistic intervention in the form
of “fat tax” on certain items can be justified to correct problems of
self-control. This article discusses the concept of “fat tax” and the need to
consider a multilevel approach, including motivational interviewing, to
empower people to lose weight.