|مجال التميز||بحثي دراسي|
|عنوان البحث:||Cybersecurity for digital twins in the built environment: current research and future directions|
|رابط إلى البحث:||https://www.itcon.org/paper/2021/10|
|تاريخ النشر:||April 2021|
|موجز عن البحث:||Recent technological developments in the construction industry are seeking to create smart cities by using Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) to enhance information models such as BIM. Currently, BIM models are commonly adopted to work with IoT-based systems and embrace smart technologies that offer interoperability in the communication layer. In future, it is envisioned that digital twins will provide new possibilities for cyberphysical systems via monitoring and simulation. However, rarely in this rapidly developing field is security fully considered. This paper reviews the relevant literature regarding the use of the IoT in the built environment and analyses current practices. It also presents examples of cities that use the IoT to improve construction and the lived experience. Finally, it reviews how digital twins factor in multiple layers defined in CPSs, from physical objects to information models. Based on this review, recommendations are provided documenting how BIM specifications can be expanded to become IoT compliant, enhancing standards to support cybersecurity, and ensuring digital twin and city standards can be fully integrated in future secure smart cities.|
|عنوان المؤتمر:||36th International Conference of CIB W78, Newcastle-upon-Tyne|
|تاريخ الإنعقاد:||18-20 September 2019|
|عنوان المشاركة:||Security Model Collaborative Building Design|
This research concerns the topic of Building Information Modelling (BIM), data governance and security frameworks directed towards finding an appropriate method to security model a collaborative building design. This is concerned with knowledge of the structure and model of information that is utilised in the collaborative building design, the security threats that face the structure and model of information and concerning information security to achieve the stated goal.
BIM implementation has benefits associated with the BIM process. These benefits include the flexibility of workflow and that performance in collaboration can be facilitated to model data integration. Team members can work uninterrupted on the same model. However, there are certain steps that can be taken to control the model and manage it without inconsistencies arising. Some of these steps include assigning users to a workstation so that others are prevented from making changes to features at the same time. In addition, when a modification is made, a copy of the system must be synchronised with the local copy in order to achieve intergradation with the central model of BIM. The collaboration problem was not complex prior to BIM because the participants would simply work on different sheets. BIM effectively processes the inefficiencies and inaccuracies of the traditional methods at a cost of reduced flexibility and an increase in collaboration complexity.
Problems can arise when an application has a centralised model of approach because most files are contained in a single file.
Having understood the information model and related security threats, the model proposed to secure the BIM for a collaborative building design is developed to prioritise the security of all information exchanged between the involved parties. The security model that is proposed addresses security concerns: protection of building information from access by unauthorised individuals and the creation of information in the BIM through unauthorised access.
The security model allows for the arrangement of data according to measures put in place according to the classification of information in the BIM. The model also records the activities of users to enable any breach to be traced to a particular user.
The model uses these user activity records and defines patterns and best practices that reduce the probability of information compromise in the BIM. Many security models only store information and place little emphasis on protection or the access that users are granted to this information.
|عنوان المؤتمر:||2021 IEEE International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation (ICE/ITMC)|
|تاريخ الإنعقاد:||21-23 June 2021|
|مكان الإنعقاد:||Cardiff, United Kingdom|
|عنوان المشاركة:||Industry Engagement for Identification of Cybersecurity Needs Practices for Digital Twins|
|ملخص المشاركة:||Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) are helping to make smart cities a reality, thanks to technological advancements in the construction industry. Through use of Information Communication Technologies (ICT), CPS integrates information and the physical world. Integrating Building Information Models (BIM) with IoT and sensor using CPS is becoming a more common goal in the industry. The adoption of digital twins in the future will open up new opportunities for CPS using tracking, simulation, and optimization strategies. Researchers, on the other hand, often overlook the cybersecurity implications. Assimilation of BIM data and cybersecurity principles has been difficult so far, and as a result, cybersecurity has been neglected. Specifically, this research will address research question; What are the key cybersecurity needed practices of built environment stakeholders? To answer these questions, this paper will survey the research of adoption of the cyber-physical system and digital twins regarding the industry. and determine obstacles to the adoption of cybersecurity for digital twins/CPS in the built environment. The findings of this study validated the value of using digital twins in industry. As a result, this paper assesses the use of digital twins in CPSs in order to determine the practices for bolstering cybersecurity and integrating digital twin and city standards in future urban cities.|
|عنوان المؤتمر:||23th International 3 Conference on Sustainable and Smart Built Environment|
|مكان الإنعقاد:||Roma, Italy|
|عنوان المشاركة:||Cybersecurity for Digital Twins in the Built Environment: Research Landscape, Industry Attitudes and Future Direction|
|ملخص المشاركة:||Technological advances in the construction sector are helping to make smart cities a reality by means of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). CPS integrate information and the physical world through the use of Information Communication Technologies (ICT). An increasingly common goal in the built environment is to integrate Building Information Models (BIM) with Internet of Things (IoT) and sensor technologies using CPS. Future advances could see the adoption of digital twins, creating new opportunities for CPS using monitoring, simulation and optimisation technologies. However, researchers often fail to fully consider the security implications. To date, it is not widely possible to assimilate BIM data and cybersecurity concepts and, therefore, security has thus far been overlooked. This paper reviews the empirical literature concerning IoT applications in the built environment and discusses real-world applications of the IoT intended to enhance construction practices, people’s lives and bolster cybersecurity. Specifically, this research addresses two research questions: (a) How suitable are the current IoT and CPS security stacks to address the cybersecurity threats facing digital twins in the context of smart buildings and districts? and (b) What are the current obstacles to tackling cybersecurity threats to the built environment CPS? To answer these questions, this paper reviews the current state-of-the-art research concerning digital twins in the built environment, the IoT, BIM, urban cities and cybersecurity. The results of the findings of this study confirmed the importance of using digital twins in both IoT and BIM. Also, eight reference zones across Europe have gained special recognition for their contributions to the advancement of IoT science. Therefore, this paper evaluates the use of digital twins in CPS to arrive at recommendations for expanding BIM specifications to facilitate IoT compliance, bolster cybersecurity and integrate digital twin and city standards in the smart cities of the future.|
|مسمى الجائزة:||BEST PAPER AWARD|
|الجهة المانحة:||23th International Conference on Sustainable and Smart Built Environment|
|مجال التكريم:||International Conference on Sustainable and Smart Built Environment hereby certifies that the below mentioned paper has been selected as the best paper Cybersecurity for Digital Twins in the Built Environment: Research Landscape, Industry Attitudes and Future Direction|