Advancement of Development
Today the government of the Custodian of the two Holy Mosques strives to create a balance between the welfare of the Saudi citizen and the comprehensive development of the country. The infrastructure was completed, the road network, the 27 airports, 3 of them international in Riyadh, Jeddah and Dammam, amongst the best in the world.
As well as 174 imports/export wharves at the country’s ports on the eastern and western coasts. In Industrial development, the industrial cities of Jubail and Yanbu are among the world, most advanced industrial cities. The Kingdom is also one of the top producers and exporters of a diverse array of petrochemicals . Government supportive role has contributed to exporting non-oil quality goods into more than 48 countries. The Kingdom development paid great dividends and the Kingdom attained self sufficiency in many agricultural crops like wheat and dates and is ranked 6th amongst the wheat producing countries and 1st in dates production.
The state encourages investment, creating opportunities and offering incentives to investors. Saudi Arabian General Investment Authority (SAGIA), shoulders the responsibility of putting this vision into a reality. To provide comprehensive services to investors, to foster investment opportunities and to merge with international investment markets.
Public and private primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare facilities and services are readily available across Saudi Arabia. The Kingdom’s hospitals and clinics are equipped with state-of-the-art equipment and laboratories and staffed by highly trained physicians, specialists and paramedics from across the world. Prescription drugs and other medicines are also widely available at pharmacies and drug stores throughout the country.
Approximately 11,350 doctors, nurses and other medical personnel, including the Saudi Red Crescent Society, provide medical service to the millions of people who visit the Kingdom for the annual pilgrimage of Hajj. Immunization against TB, polio, hepatitis and tetanus is freely available. Medical insurance schemes are available at reasonable cost.
Saudi Arabia’s nationwide educational system comprises 24 government universities, more than 24,000 schools and a large number of colleges and several educational and training institutions. The system is open to every citizen and provides students with free education, books and health services. The government allocates over 25% of the total budget to education including vocational training, and spends around 13.17 billion U.S. dollars on primary education and research.
All levels of education are free for Saudi nationals, and private schools are available for children of foreigners working in Saudi Arabia. These international schools offer education for children up to 14 years. Some foreign schools offer education up to 16 years.
Although industrialization is relatively recent in Saudi Arabia, it has witnessed a steady development, during which distinguished accomplishments were achieved. These are attributed to the importance of the industrial sector and the support it receives from the government owing to its role in achieving strategic and economic goals of the country.
The efforts exerted by the government for the support of industrial development covered several basic spheres including implementation of required infrastructure, construction of Jubail and Yanbu industrial cities, construction of industrial cities in various regions of the Kingdom, establishment of Saudi Industrial Development Fund (SIDF), Industrial Property Authority (MODON), and continued provision of other industrial support and incentives. The response and cooperation of the private sector with the governmental plans and efforts have an effective impact on actualization of the industrial development’s achievements.
Country development and industrial growth to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia will be positively reflected on commerce whether it is exports or imports. It is impossible to make any comparison between the commercial movement in the Kingdom on its foundation and today. Commerce has changed from a seasonal limited trade(depending largely on Hajj season for example) into a commerce based on economic stable bases because of the comprehensive development in various industrial, agricultural and human fields.
It is noted the growth of exports in the previous twenty-five years from the beginning of the first five years development plan. Whereas the its cost reached during 1390-1391H, 1970G about SR 10,9 Billion, it jumped in 1415H , 1994G TO SR 159,6 Billion. This confirms the fact of changing the Kingdom from an imported country to all its needs to a self-sufficient but it exports the surplus in some goods and products.
* Parts of content cortesy of Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Saudi Industrial Development Fund, Saudi Export Program and other government bureaues.